August 27, 2015
This column by ACRU Senior Legal Analyst Jan LaRue was published August 27, 2015 by The American Thinker website.
“Bin Laden 2016” raises the question: Does “birthright citizenship,” regardless of parentage, qualify one to become president of the United States?
Now that I have your attention, let’s consider a logical consequence of the current policy of the U.S. government, granting “birthright citizenship” to a child born in the United States of illegal immigrants, otherwise known as an “anchor baby.”
Section I of the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution states:
“All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.”
At the heart of the contentious debate over “birthright citizenship” is the phrase, “and subject to the jurisdiction of.” The author of the phrase, Sen. Jacob Howard of Michigan, made it abundantly clear during Senate debates that it does not apply to alien children:
“It excludes not only Indians but “persons born in the United States who are foreigners, aliens, [or] who belong to the families of ambassadors or foreign ministers.”
Likewise, Howard’s co-author, Sen. Lyman Trumball of Illinois, said that the phrase meant complete jurisdiction:
“not owing allegiance to anybody else.”
Ignoring the interpretation of the men who wrote the phrase is like ignoring Abraham Lincoln on the Gettysburg Address, preferring the scholarship of a guy who once worked for the Gettysburg Planning and Zoning Department.
“Birthright citizenship” is based on an absurd interpretation that assumes the phrase, “and subject to the jurisdiction thereof,” means geography. It’s based on the English common law doctrine, “jus soli,” meaning “right of the soil.” The subject of a king could not renounce allegiance to the sovereign ever. Citizens aren’t subjects.
“Jus soli” renders the jurisdiction phrase superfluous and redundant because the preceding phrase, “in the United States,” identifies the geography. Being subject to U.S. laws applies to citizens and aliens. “Subject to the jurisdiction thereof” is concerned with one’s political allegiance to the United States and no other, as Howard and Trumball said.
Complete political allegiance is consistent with the oath required to become a naturalized citizen:
“I absolutely and entirely renounce and abjure all allegiance and fidelity to any foreign prince, potentate, state, or sovereignty, of whom or which I have heretofore been a subject or citizen; that I will support and defend the Constitution and laws of the United States of America against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same;…”
The “jus soli” geographic interpretation was incorrectly applied in Wong Kim Ark, an 1898 Supreme Court case, to hold that a child born in the U.S. to legal alien residents was entitled to “birthright citizenship” under the 14th Amendment.
Add another bootstrap from a 1982 Supreme Court decision by Justice William Brennan, Plyer v. Doe, which had nothing to do with determining U.S. citizenship. Nonetheless, Brennan, a believer in the “Etch A Sketch” theory of interpretation, cited in footnote 10 of his opinion a 923-page tome that no one has ever read by a guy who thought that “we are the world” citizenship is a peachy idea.
The correct interpretation of the jurisdiction clause of the 14th Amendment, “jus sanguinis,” means “right of blood.” It requires that at least one parent of a child born in the U.S. is a U.S. citizen. Several scholarly commentaries make a compelling argument for this interpretation. See here, here, here, here, here, here, and here.
Now we come to considering a logical consequence of faulty constitutional interpretation.
There are only two categories of citizenship: born or naturalized, as explained here. Since anchor babies are supposedly born citizens, as opposed to naturalized citizens, why wouldn’t an anchor baby claim that he or she is qualified to become president of the United States under Art. II, Sec. I, clause 5 of the Constitution?
And that brings us back to the above campaign button: “bin Laden 2016”
Osama bin Laden reportedly fathered 20-26 children by several wives. Like dad, they’re not known for “God bless America” allegiance to the U.S.
Let’s pretend that one of Osama’s wives illegally crossed the U.S. border while pregnant 35 years ago and gave birth here. Let’s pretend the baby’s name is, Anchor bin Laden, and let’s give him least 512 first cousins. Lots of links in that chain.
That brings us to the present. Anchor is now 35 years-old and running for president.
“Ridiculous,” you say? Hey, we’re fantasizing here to make a point.
Following a ridiculous premise, that a child born here to an illegal immigrant is a citizen, can lead to a ridiculous, yet logical conclusion.
It is ridiculous to believe that the 14th Amendment was intended to allow those who commit a criminal act by illegally crossing our national border, or overstaying their visas, to give birth to a “citizen,” regardless of the parents’ political allegiance. It obliterates the essence of U.S. sovereignty — the right of Americans to decide who may become a citizen.
Maybe a reporter will ask Donald Trump if he thinks an anchor baby can become president:
“Are you kidding me? That is really, really, tremendously stupid. Who negotiated that? Really, really stupid!”
It is past time for Congress to use its plenary power over naturalization to pass legislation making clear that a chil
d born in the United States is not a citizen of the United States unless at least one parent was a U.S. citizen at the time of the child’s birth.
As a friend said: “It’s time for anchors away.” Prospectively at least.